2021 Canadian Malnutrition Awareness Week™ Infographic References


Economic burden of hospital malnutrition in Canada
  1. Curtis L, Bernier P, Jeejeebhoy K, Allard JP, Duerksen D, Gramlich L, Laporte M, Keller H. Costs of hospital malnutrition. Clinical Nutrition. 2017; 36(5): 1391-1396. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2016.09.009
  2. Allard JP, Keller H, Jeejeebhoy KN, Laporte M, Duerksen D, Gramlich L, Payette H, Bernier P, Vesnaver E, Davidson B, Terterina A, Lou W. Malnutrition at hospital admission: contributors and impact on length of stay. A prospective cohort study from the Canadian Malnutrition Task Force. J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2016; 40(4): 487-497. https://doi.org/10.1177/0148607114567902
Economic burden of hospital malnutrition in other countries
  1. Álvarez-Hernández J, Planas Vila M, León-Sanz M, García de Lorenzo A, Celaya-Pérez S, García-Lorda P, Araujo K, Sarto Guerri B; PREDyCES researchers. Prevalence and costs of malnutrition in hospitalized patients; the PREDyCES Study. Nutr Hosp. 2012 Jul-Aug;27(4):1049-59. doi: 10.3305/nh.2012.27.4.5986
  2. Lanctin DP, Merced-Nieves F, Mallett RM, Arensberg MB, Guenter P, Sulo S, Platts-Mills TF. Prevalence and Economic Burden of Malnutrition Diagnosis Among Patients Presenting to United States Emergency Departments. Acad Emerg Med. 2021 Mar;28(3):325-335. doi: 10.1111/acem.13887. Epub 2020 Aug 31. PMID: 31724782
  3. Inciong JFB, Chaudhary A, Hsu HS, Joshi R, Seo JM, Trung LV, Ungpinitpong W, Usman N. Hospital malnutrition in northeast and southeast Asia: A systematic literature review. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2020 Oct;39:30-45. doi: 10.1016/j.clnesp.2020.06.001. Epub 2020 Jul 19. PMID: 32859327
  4. McLaughlin J, Chowdhury N, Djurkovic S, Shahab O, Sayiner M, Fang Y, Kennedy R. Clinical outcomes and financial impacts of malnutrition in sepsis. Nutr Health. 2020 Sep;26(3):175-178. doi: 10.1177/0260106020930145. Epub 2020 Jun 22. PMID: 32571151
  5. Abugroun A, Nayyar A, Abdel-Rahman M, Patel P. Impact of Malnutrition on Hospitalization Outcomes for Older Adults Admitted for Sepsis. Am J Med. 2021 Feb;134(2):221-226.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2020.06.044. Epub 2020 Aug 15. PMID: 32810466.
COVID-19 and nutrition risk
  1. Zhao X, Li Y, Ge Y, Shi Y, Lv P, Zhang J, Fu G, Zhou Y, Jiang K, Lin N, Bai T, Jin R, Wu Y, Yang X, Li X. Evaluation of Nutrition Risk and Its Association With Mortality Risk in Severely and Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2021 Jan;45(1):32-42. doi: 10.1002/jpen.1953. Epub 2020 Jul 20. PMID: 32613660; PMCID: PMC7361906.
  2. Zhang P, He Z, Yu G, Peng D, Feng Y, Ling J, Wang Y, Li S, Bian Y. The modified NUTRIC score can be used for nutritional risk assessment as well as prognosis prediction in critically ill COVID-19 patients. Clin Nutr. 2021 Feb;40(2):534-541. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2020.05.051. Epub 2020 Jun 5. PMID: 32527576; PMCID: PMC7273137
  3. Li G, Zhou CL, Ba YM, Wang YM, Song B, Cheng XB, Dong QF, Wang LL, You SS. Nutritional risk and therapy for severe and critical COVID-19 patients: A multicenter retrospective observational study. Clin Nutr. 2021 Apr;40(4):2154-2161. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2020.09.040. Epub 2020 Oct 1. PMID: 33077274; PMCID: PMC7527833
  4. Pironi L, Sasdelli AS, Ravaioli F, Baracco B, Battaiola C, Bocedi G, Brodosi L, Leoni L, Mari GA, Musio A. Malnutrition and nutritional therapy in patients with SARS-CoV-2 disease. Clin Nutr. 2021 Mar;40(3):1330-1337. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2020.08.021. Epub 2020 Aug 27. PMID: 32900518; PMCID: PMC7450234
COVID-19 and gaps in food systems
  1. Cable J, Jaykus LA, Hoelzer K, Newton J, Torero M. The impact of COVID-19 on food systems, safety, and security-a symposium report. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2021 Jan;1484(1):3-8. doi: 10.1111/nyas.14482. Epub 2020 Aug 28. PMID: 32860255
  2. Carducci, B., Keats, E.C., Ruel, M. et al. Food systems, diets and nutrition in the wake of COVID-19. Nat Food 2, 68–70 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-021-00233-9
  3. Blay-Palmer, UNESCO Chair on Food, Biodiversity and Sustainability Studies. Notes from the Chair: COVID 19 Reveals Gaps in our Food Systems. Laurier Centre for Sustainable Food Systems https://researchcentres.wlu.ca/centre-for-sustainable-food-systems/news/2020/notes-from-the-chair-covid-19-reveals-gaps-in-our-food-systems.html last accessed August 6 2021
Nutrition Care as a Human Right
  1. Cardenas D, Correia MITD, Ochoa JB, Hardy G, Rodriguez-Ventimilla D, Bermúdez CE, Papapietro K, Hankard R, Briend A, Ungpinitpong W, Zakka KM, Pounds T, Cuerda C, Barazzoni R. Clinical Nutrition and Human Rights. An International Position Paper. Nutr Clin Pract. 2021 Jun;36(3):534-544. doi: 10.1002/ncp.10667. Epub 2021 May 20. PMID: 34013590.
  2. Cardenas D, Bermudez B, Echeverri S. Is nutritional care a human right? Clinical Nutrition Experimental. 2019; 26;1-7 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yclnex.2019.05.002

Malnutrition Awareness Week™ is a mark of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN). Used with permission from ASPEN.  

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